The self-storage industry has undergone many changes over the past 20 years, evolving from a core group of small, mom-and-pop operations to a large, powerful organization of professional business people. The rapid growth of the industry has further created a variety of challenging new issues, many of which we are just coming to terms with.
When the self-storage industry was young, so were the buildings. Most had secure new roofs that did not leak, factory-fresh doors that properly sealed the units, and a lower amount of crime at facilities compared to today. This environment was very attractive to insurance companies, several of which developed products specifically for the self-storage industry. These specialty insurers provided much better coverage than what was generally available at the time, and many offered significantly reduced premiums for substantial savings.
During the late '80s, while the self-storage industry was maturing, so were its buildings. Due to various issues experienced at the time--primarily the recession--maintenance was deferred in many facilities. Additionally, the criminal element found self-storage an ideal place to conduct their activities. These developments caused losses in the industry and helped insurance costs rise.
One of the areas with a dramatic increase in claims activity has been customers' goods. Customers' goods legal liability is an important coverage specific to the self-storage industry. The basic premise of self-storage is that owners act as landlords, not warehouseman: Landlords never take possession of customers' goods. Therefore, owners are not responsible for those goods since they are simply renting space. However, there are certain situations that can create legal liability for the owner if damage occurs to your customers' goods. For example, by providing a building to store items, owners represent protection against the elements. If a customer's goods are damaged by water or some other form of the elements, he may feel that the facility operator is somehow negligent in honoring that representation.
If you, the owner, are found legally liable for damage to customers' stored items, your customers' goods legal liability insurance coverage will pay the claim. Just as importantly, it provides defense costs even if a claim is found to be groundless, false or fraudulent. It also includes coverage for damage done to customers' goods stored in the open, should you be found legally liable for that damage.
Customers' goods legal liability coverage is not normally available in the standard insurance market and cannot normally be added to the standard business-owner's package policy. It is coverage that is available through specialty markets for self-storage insurance.
With the recession well behind us, most facility owners have their deferred maintenance schedules under control. This new emphasis on routine maintenance is helping to contain losses in the area of our customers' goods. Aside from completely re-roofing a facility, there are many new products available for sealing aging roofs. There are also companies that sell maintenance products, such as unit-door threshold seals, that provide cost-effective alternatives to more expensive repairs. And facility operators have kept busy implementing new ideas of their own to help contain losses, such as providing pallets in each storage locker. The pallets keep their customers' belongings a few inches off the floor, helping to keep them dry in the event of surface water accumulation.
Security is also a major concern, and a tremendous number of vendors are in the business of providing various types of security equipment. A growing number of facilities today are equipped with door alarms, computer-controlled entry gates and high-tech surveillance equipment. These products, accompanied by a good resident manager, can help control crime.
Although sad to say, the days are long gone when we can rent a unit to new customers and turn our back on their activities in our facilities. Many operators today routinely photograph customers, and others even obtain their fingerprints. This may seem a little drastic, but it has become a necessary practice in some areas. Some operators argue that this type of intrusion will chase off customers; however, if it is done in a manner that expresses concern for their property, very few honest people will mind the extra care taken for their security. The customer that it does chase off might be a criminal, and lost revenue on a criminal is essentially money in the bank.
Another good crime-prevention procedure falls under the heading of follow-up marketing. For example, mailing a new customer a thank-you card the day he rents the unit is not only good marketing, but can help you discover a problem sooner than if no contact was made until the customer became delinquent. You can also include referral cards with the thank-you note for customer's friends and neighbors. When a prospective tenant presents the referral card, the referring customer gets a gift or a discount. This creates good customer relations and helps reduce the likelihood of crime in your facility.
New construction and proper maintenance of buildings, combined with hands-on management, attention to security and the prevention of crime, are creating safer and more secure places for customers to store their goods. Combine these efforts with good customer relations and it will help keep insurance costs for the self-storage industry at a very affordable level.
David Wilhite is the marketing manager of Universal Insurance Facilities Inc. Universal offers a complete package of coverages specifically designed to meet the needs of the self-storage industry, including loss of income, employee dishonesty, comprehensive business liability, hazardous-contents removal and customer storage. For more information, contact Universal at Box 40079, Phoenix, AZ 85067-0079; phone (800) 844-2101; fax (602) 970-6240; Web: www.vpico.com/universal.